Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution

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Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution (ECCR) is a process whereby neutral, third-party facilitators work with agencies and stakeholders using collaboration, negotiation, structured dialogue, mediation, and other approaches to prevent, manage, and resolve environmental conflicts. In 2005, the Office of Management and Budget and the Council on Environmental Quality jointly issued a Memorandum on Environmental Conflict Resolution directing Federal agencies to increase the effective use of environmental conflict resolution and build institutional capacity for collaborative problem solving. In 2017, Executive Order 13807 found that "more efficient and effective Federal infrastructure decisions can transform our economy, so the Federal Government, as a whole, must change the way it processes environmental reviews and authorization decisions."

In May 2018, the Federal Forum on Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution issued a report that identifies quantifiable benefits of government use of ECCR - including cost reduction, improved relationships, and better outcomes that avoided litigation - and makes recommendations on improving the effective use of ECCR, including within the context of federal infrastructure permitting.

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